Balinese Rebab


About the Rebab

Rebab  is one named for stringed instrument, play with a bow, which form part of the gamelan orchestras to be found in certain cultural areas across the Indonesian archipelago, such as Bali, East Jawa, Central Java, West Java, Sumatra and Sulawesi. In general, rebab instruments from these various region share some important similarities. they all use a bow and the same kind of strings, which are tuned in a similar fashion to produce tones, and they all used a coconut shell as a resonator. in terms of their shape they also share resemblance, with the exception of one type rebab found in the regency of Pasisir Selatan, West Sumatra, which is shaped more like a violin. The differences between  these rebab instruments include their various sizes, tones, style of bows, number of strings, and the compositions they are used to play. in general, the rebab has two strings, each one tuned individually, with the exception of the Pariaman rebab of West Sumatra, which has three strings, and the Pasisia rebab, also from West Sumatra, which has four strings.

the place of the balinese rebab is acomposition for gamelan orchestra is unclear, both in terms of its role during the instrumental segments and during the voval segments which poetry is recited. the rebab has a number of different functions in the gamelan orchestra of bali, for the example,in Gambuh Gamelan performance, the rebab is one of the instruments that provides the melody, or gending, which is played using a variety of the twisting motions of the bow across the strings. in the gambuh gamelan, the melody is provide not just by te rebab, but by a large flute called Suling Gambuh. the rebab also used in other types of the gamelan ensembles, including gong kebyar, semar pagulingan saih lima and semar pagulingan saih pitu, in the different manner than it is used the gamelan gambuh.

Shaped of the Balinese Rebab

When we viewed in terms of its form, the balinese rebab appears unique in its size, shape of its neck, and its decoration. its shape reflects its background in the balinese culture. the size of the balinese rebab, in terms of the both length and width. its relatively small when compared to the Centlar Javenese Or West Javanese (sundanese) rebab. the balinese rebab stands between 82 and 94 centimeters tall, with a width of approximately 12 centimeters across the neck. the size and slim shape of the balinese rebab is covered almost entirely with decorative motifs crafted from silver or gold, accentuating the instruments graceful form. there also differences between rebab in in terms of the material used to make the resonator or batok. the resonator of the balinese rebab is made from one of two types of materials, either wood or coconut shell. these material are used to create either a round or an oval shape. aresonator made from a coconut shell will have different kind of sound than one made from wood. a wooden resonator has a sound that is less are unintended by the player, including tones that are unclear. a coconut shell resonator on the other hand, has a pure sound, and no unintentional tones well be heard.

Name Of the Parts of the Balinese Rebab


*Mangku Regig ; Rebab Player & Rebab Maker

* Learning the Balinese Rebab,  By: Pande Made Sukarta.

Write by: Made Bagus Permadi Putra

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